What does the crossroads quilt pattern mean?

What was ozella attempting to tell slaves in quilts?

As Ozella Williams told it, the first message in the Quilt Code was “The monkey wrench turns the wagon wheel toward Canada on a bear’s paw trail to the crossroads.” Slaves who knew the code would know this phrasing as well as the four symbols within it: the Monkey Wrench, the Wagon Wheel, the Bear’s Paw and the …

What is the Underground Railroad quilt code?

A quilting pattern often overlooked in today’s society is the Underground Railroad quilt code. Used during the time of abolition and the Civil War, this visual code sewn into the pattern of quilts readied slaves for their upcoming escape and provided them directions when they were on their way to freedom.

What does the flying geese quilt pattern mean?

Flying Geese: A signal to follow the direction of the flying geese as they migrated north in the spring. Most slaves escaped during the spring; along the way, the flying geese could be used as a guide to find water, food and places to rest.

Did slaves use quilts?

When slaves made their escape, they used their memory of the quilts as a mnemonic device to guide them safely along their journey, according to McDaniel. … This pattern told slaves to pack their belongings because they were about to go on a long journey.

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What does the Monkey Wrench quilt pattern mean?

Monkey Wrench: A signal to gather all the tools required for the fleeing slave’s journey, meaning the physical tools, as well as the mental and spiritual ones. … A slave spotted travelling south, for instance, would not be suspected of escaping.

What are the routes of the Underground Railroad?

The routes that were travelled to get to freedom were called “lines.” The network of routes went through 14 Northern states and two British North American colonies — Upper Canada and Lower Canada. At the end of the line was “heaven,” or “the Promised Land,” which was free land in Canada or the Northern states.

What is the symbolism of a quilt?

Quilts often symbolize resourcefulness, as quilters use what resources they have to make a quilt as a covering. Quilts can also symbolize heritage, as they are created using fabrics that represent a moment in time.

What do the symbols on barns mean?

The markings, colors, and designs on hex signs are believed by many to protect the barns and the animals housed inside from fire, lightning, sickness and the work of evil spirits, demons and witchcraft. They might augment fertility of livestock or encourage the right balance of sun and rain for success with crops.