Why did Byzantines use mosaics?
Mosaics were one of the most popular forms of art in the Byzantine Empire. They were extensively used to depict religious subjects on the interior of churches within the Empire and remained a popular form of expression from 6th century to the end of the Empire in the 15th century.
What were Byzantine mosaics made of and why were those materials used?
In antiquity, most mosaics adorned floors and so were usually made of colored stones that could withstand people walking on them. … Because the Byzantines put mosaics on the walls, they could also use fragile materials: mother of pearl, gold and silver leaf, and glass of different colors.
What is the most common color seen in the background of Byzantine mosaics?
Gold is common to mosaic backgrounds in all phases of Byzantine art. After the iconoclasm it is extensively used for the creation of a unified golden background, while known examples of such a background in early Byzantine art are few and far between.
What was the first mosaic?
The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.