What is Mosaic burning and why is it important?
The mosaic is likely to benefit biodiversity by creating a range of vegetation age-classes that suit different species. This is achieved by leaving patches of unburnt vegetation that can act as a animal refuge after fire, and by reducing the risk and impact of uniform, large-scale fires.
Why do some ecologists prefer to burn patches of bush leaving other patches unburnt?
We light patchy burns or burn small areas to create a mosaic of zones, each with a different fire history. The mosaic of burnt and unburnt patches will, the argument goes, increase species diversity (or the abundance of some species) across a landscape, reserve or remnant. Intuitively, this makes sense.
What is the difference between a cool burn and hot burn?
They are also known as fuel reduction burns, prescribed, planned or controlled burns. These burns can often be much hotter than cool burns, with devastating consequences to the burnt areas.
Comparison: Cool vs hot burn.
|Cool burn||Hot burn / hazard reduction burn|
What is mosaic pattern?
A mosaic is a pattern or image made of small regular or irregular pieces of colored stone, glass or ceramic, held in place by plaster/mortar, and covering a surface. Mosaics are often used as floor and wall decoration, and were particularly popular in the Ancient Roman world.
Why is patch burning used?
It may involve patch burning to create different fire intervals or be used specifically for fuel and hazard reduction purposes. Fire may be used to gain better access to country, to clean up important pathways, control invasive weeds or to maintain cultural responsibilities.
How does Bush burning lead to soil erosion?
Bush burning can cause the soil to lose its ability to absorb and retain water. After a fire, the top layer of soil may become water repellent. This causes rain to drain off the soil without absorbing into the ground.
How effective is cool burning?
Cool burning reduces the amount of damage done by hot fires to ecosystems by promoting new plant growth and clearing natural waste materials. Through collaboration with scientists and policymakers, Indigenous land managers are breaking new ground.