Who are the three figures in the Deësis mosaic?

What is the deesis mosaic made of?

It is the third mosaic panel situated in the imperial enclosure of the upper galleries. The Deësis mosaic is made from many tesserae, and is considered the finest in the Hagia Sophia.

When was the deesis mosaic created?

Painted Copy of Deesis Mosaic late 1930s (original dated 1261–1300) The original mosaic displaying the Deesis (Christ flanked by the Virgin and Saint John the Baptist) was one of the finest works produced in Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.

What does the Greek word Deësis mean?

Greek deēsis entreaty, prayer, from dein to lack, miss, deisthai to beg.

What does the word Deësis mean?

In Byzantine art, and later Eastern Orthodox art generally, the Deësis or Deisis (Greek: δέησις, “prayer” or “supplication”), is a traditional iconic representation of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator: enthroned, carrying a book, and flanked by the Virgin Mary and St.

How was light used in Byzantine churches?

By the middle Byzantine period, light was being carefully used in churches in two ways: through management of the levels of natural lighting and through prescriptive artificial lighting.

What was the first mosaic?

The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.

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Who invented Pendentive?

The Romans were the first to experiment with pendentive domes in the 2nd-3rd century AD. They saw the supporting of a dome over an enclosed square or polygonal space as a particular architectural challenge.