Who are the people in Justinian mosaic?
At the foot of the apse side walls are two famous mosaic panels, completed in 547. On the right is a mosaic depicting the East Roman Emperor Justinian I, clad in Tyrian purple with a golden halo, standing next to court officials, generals Belisarius and Narses, Bishop Maximian, palatinae guards and deacons.
What objects do Justinian and Theodora carry in the mosaic at San Vitale how were they used in the Mass?
These appear in the apse adjacent to the apse mosaic representing Christ in Majesty. Justinian is shown carrying a paten, or bowl containing the Eucharistic bread, while Theodora carries the chalice or vessel for the Eucharistic wine. Maximian carries a cross, while a tonsured priest carries the Gospel book.
What artistic technique was used to create Emperor Justinian and his attendants?
The technique of the work is mosaic, using a gold background. It is in a church setting, flanking the altar. Subject and Function: The subject is that of the imperial Byzantine court — the Christian Orthodox Emperor Justinian and his retinue of soldiers, high officials, and clergy.
What is the court of Justinian mosaic made of?
It was dedicated to the martyr Vitalis, the patron saint of Ravenna. At the time, the city was the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The octagonal structure is made of marble and capped by a lofty terra-cotta dome. The celebrated mosaics were strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople (Istanbul).
What was Justinian’s nickname?
He is called “Saint Justinian the Emperor” in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Because of his restoration activities, Justinian has sometimes been known as the “Last Roman” in mid-20th century historiography.
What was the first mosaic?
The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.
What does the halo signify in this mosaic from Ravenna?
Represents Theodora’s power and her offerings to Christ. She is crowned with a halo signifying her divinity and her role as co-regent. … The gold background is symbolic of Christ as the “light of the world.”