How many types of fancy yarn are there?

What is fancy textile yarn?

A fancy yarn is made with a distinctive irregular profile or a construction that differs from the basic single and folded yarns, the objective is to enhance the aesthetics of the end product. The fancy yarn gives a fancy touch to the fabrics to a broad range of end uses.

What do you mean by fancy yarn?

Definition of fancy yarn

A yarn that differs from the normal construction of single and folded yarns by way of deliberately produced irregularities related to an increased input of one or more of its components or the inclusion of periodic effects such as knots, loops, curls, slubs, etc.

What are the methods of producing fancy yarns?

Spiral, gimp, slub, knop, loop, cover, chenille and snarl are the different fancy yarn effects that find application in apparels and home furnishings. One of the oldest methods of yarn production system is the ring spinning.

What is a simple yarn?

A yarn which is smooth and uniform and evenly twisted is called a simple yarn. It is commonly used for making fabric like poplin and cambric. Simple yarns are further classified into three types. A simple single yarn is an assemblage of fibres evenly twisted together.

What is Mercerizing in textile?

Mercerization is a process in which textiles (typical- ly cotton) are treated with a caustic (NaOH) solution to improve properties such as fiber strength, shrink- age resistance, luster, and dye affinity. The caustic actually rearranges the cellulose molecules in the fiber to produce these changes.

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What is spiral yarn?

A spiral yarn structure includes a core yarn comprising at least one core filament which is a filament fiber of 5-25D, a cover yarn comprising a plurality of cover fibers formed by stretching roves having a count ranging from 0.5 Ne to 2.0 Ne, wherein the cover fibers encloses the core yarn, and a wrap yarn wrapping …

How do you make melange fabric?

A melange yarn is the yarn which is produced with various combinations of raw white & dyed cottons or dyed fibers. For example, if we mix 99% raw white cotton & 1% dyed cotton (of any color), then it will be called “Melange” yarn.

What is slub yarn?

: a yarn with thick and thin sections alternating regularly or irregularly — compare slub.