How do you prevent mosaic virus in cucumbers?
- Purchase virus-free plants.
- Maintain strict aphid control.
- Remove all weeds since these may harbor both CMV and aphids.
- Immediately set aside plants with the above symptoms and obtain a diagnosis.
- Discard virus infected plants.
- Disinfest tools used for vegetative propagation frequently.
What prevents mosaic virus?
To control the spread of TMV, farmers must: wash their hands after handling infected plants. wash tools that have come into contact with infected plants in detergent or bleach. rotate the crops they grow in a contaminated field – they must not grow tobacco or tomato plants in the field for at least two years.
How do you treat cucumber mosaics?
There are no cures for viral diseases such as mosaic once a plant is infected. As a result, every effort should be made to prevent the disease from entering your garden. Fungicides will NOT treat this viral disease. Plant resistant varieties when available or purchase transplants from a reputable source.
Can you eat cucumbers with mosaic virus?
Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot. Often the discoloration is only skin deep. In cases where fruit are severely distorted, the texture of the fruit may be affected and may not be desirable for eating.
Where does cucumber mosaic virus come from?
CMV is mainly transmitted by aphids, but it can also be mechanically spread by humans in some cases. However, the mechanically spreading of this virus is not as common as the case of other virus (such as Tobacco Mosaic Virus, TMV), because CMV is not a very stable virus.
Can tomatoes get cucumber mosaic virus?
Tomatoes infected with the cucumber mosaic virus develop a slight yellowing and mottling of the older leaves. Expanding leaves typically become twisted, curl downward, and develop a “shoestring” appearance as a result of a restriction of the leaf surface to a narrow band around the midrib of the leaf.
How long does it take for mosaic virus to appear?
Symptoms of TMV-infection in susceptible plants:
Symptoms will appear in 1-3 weeks, depending on the variety and concentration of virus in the inoculum. These new leaves on infected tomato plants will exhibit a mottle or green and yellow color pattern and may be distorted. The plants also may be stunted (Figure 11).
What are the symptoms of tobacco mosaic virus?
Symptoms associated with TMV infections:
- mosaic pattern of light and dark green (or yellow and green) on the leaves.
- malformation of leaves or growing points.
- yellow streaking of leaves (especially monocots)
- yellow spotting on leaves.
- distinct yellowing only of veins.
Can tomatoes get mosaic virus?
For example, tomato mosaic virus most often infects tomatoes, but can also infect pepper, potato, apple, pear, cherry and numerous weeds, including pigweed and lamb’s quarters. Tobacco mosaic virus can infect ornamentals and weeds including cucumber, lettuce, beet, pepper, tomato, petunia, jimson weed and horsenettle.
Can mosaic virus live in soil?
Unlike TMV (tobacco mosaic virus), CMV is not seedborne in tomato and does not persist in plant debris in the soil or on workers’ hands or clothing. The occurrence of this virus is erratic and unpredictable; consequently, control of this disease can be difficult.
How can papaya mosaic virus be controlled?
Control : As soon as the disease symptoms are observed dusting Sulphur (30 g/10 litres of water) or spraying Calixin 75 EC (5 ml/10 litres of water) at 15 days interval helps to control the disease.