What are the four types of weft knitting?
It is usually knitted with one piece of yarn, and can be made either by hand or using a knitting machine. Weft knitting is the most common form of knitting as it is simpler than warp knitting, the other form of knitting. There are four basic weft knitted fabric structures: interlock, purl, plain, and rib.
What are the characteristic of the basic type of weft knits?
- Stretch crosswise and lengthwise.
- Stretches more in the crosswise.
- Tend to run or ladder if stitch breaks.
- Fabric less stable and curls when cut.
- Special finishes counteract curling and improve stability.
- Highest machine productivity.
What are the basic weft knitted structures?
Four primary base weft knitted structures–plain, rib, interlock and purl–are the base structures from which all weft knitted fabrics and garments are derived. Each is composed of a different combination of face and reverse meshed stitches, knitted on a particular arrangement of needle beds.
Which direction has the most stretch in a weft knit?
The crosswise loops are called courses. They form a row of loops that run across the fabric. Usually the greatest stretch in a knit fabric is in the crosswise direction. However, it is always important to test or check the stretch in a knit before purchasing.
What are the advantages of weft knit fabrics?
WEFT KNITTED FABRIC
It is the most common form of knitting used because of its simplicity. Advantages: Weft knitted fabric is very elastic, stretchable and comfortable to wear. It is warm to wear, i.e. a good insulator. It does not fray easily and is very cost-efficient.
What is the most common weft knit?
Among all types of weft knit fabrics, the single jersey fabric is most popular.
What is interlock material?
Interlock fabric is a knitted fabric, it is made by a series of stainless steel needles that cross each other working alternatively; this type of production creates a double knit fabric, making it very soft, visually it resembles a honeycomb; the back and the front of this fabric are exactly the same.
What is the simplest type of weft knit fabric?
Weft knit fabrics are produced predominantly on circular knitting machines. The simplest of the two major weft knitting machines is a jersey machine. Generally, the terms circular knit and plain knit refer to jersey goods. The loops are formed by knitting needles and the jersey machine has one set of needles.
What is a fabric float?
Warp Float (Back view) — This is a plain weave. The defect is the result of two adjacent ends of one shed becoming attached between the harness and the reed so as to prevent the end of the other shed from passing between them.